22/05/17 – Started colour correction

Today I started the colour correction of the edit of my final major project. I wanted to let Elena watch my film first to see if she spotted anything that was major to colour correct. She mentioned how the first biking scene was the one where the light changed the most, so this is where I started.

Screen Shot 2017-05-22 at 14.34.24

I started with the biking scene first because, as spotted by Elena, this was probably the most glaring one of the scenes. I started by changing the white balance so that it wasn’t a tint of orange, making sure that they were all tinted white. I then played around with the colour curves to try and make shot darker. As the shots where the sun is in don’t match with the shots when the sun is out. With it being much brighter and having a different colour tint. I felt that I made quite a difference. I have managed to make them all the same tint colour so that the cut between different takes isn’t as jarring.

However the light isn’t as good as it could be, due to it being slightly different between cuts and shots. However I am worried that I won’t be able to fix this problem, because it’s due to the shadows in the frame when the sun is out in some of the shots. There is no real way I can fix this in post so I am going to try and get it the best I can with the colour correction. In the future I am going to make sure that I have enough takes or make sure to film all when the sun is in or all when the sun is out, making easier to keep continuity in the shots.

This was the main correction I had to do but I looked at other scenes that may need doing.

Screen Shot 2017-05-22 at 14.34.59

The next scene I experimented with was the bedroom scene. Trying to turn up the brightness so that you could see Luc’s face more when he stands up and also see what he is ripping off the wall. I again used the colour curves but this time using it the other way. I wanted to lighten this scene up as it looks too dark in some of the close ups, and so you can actually see the poster as well. This is probably the best colour correction result so far and from the scene that needed it the most in my opinion. As you can see Luc face a lot more and the poster is fully visually. With their also not being any overexposure, with also gelling well with the rest of the shots. Keeping continuity. Next time I will make sure to have proper lighting and film with the character’s face looking towards the light, as this would obviously light his face more and won’t be in the shadow. This will probably save me having to do reshoots as well.

I then did I few touching ups on some of the woods shots. I didn’t do too much as I really like the lush green and don’t think it really needs changing all too much from the raw footage. I corrected the walking shot in and the Luc’s medium shot with him smoking. Making sure that it was a little darker and wasn’t as high contrast between his jumper and the dark forest green.

Overall I don’t think I really need to spend that much time on colour correction, as my film already looks pretty cinematic and I don’t want to go overboard with the colour correction as it could turn out worse. I will make sure to experiment more with the editing, making sure that I can’t make it better. This compares differently to my previous project where I had to colour correct a lot due to the colour tint between being different, affecting the continuity of the project.

Tomorrow I will have another focus group, this time with different people who haven’t seen the film before and with a set of direct questions I would like them to answer. And then according of their feedback I would go from there. In reflection of today I feel that I started colour correction well but I need to start moving with more urgency again if I want to reshoot. Due to it being the last chance of reshoots this Sunday. With the fact that I want to add a lot more to wordpress whilst double checking everything.




21/05/17 – where to place the “pink hoodie,” scene

Over the course of the weekend I have been thinking where to place the scene containing Luc wearing a pink hoodie. The scene is meant to represent his questioning of his own identity, and trying to have a visual metaphor.


However I have been unable to place this scene in the rough cut I did a couple of days ago. This was due to the fact that there isn’t enough space in the edit in at the moment and also I don’t have a suitable place to put without it feeling forced. The reason why I would like this scene in my short film is because I feel that it will add an interesting element of change into the story. With the fact that I am adding a level of layered imagery into my work. Which I was inspired to do from the nikes music video.

However I have came across a problem where I don’t know where to place it without it feeling forced or out of place. Because I feel that I have a great structure at the moment and don’t want to add anything to it. I was originally going to place it with the smoking scene, but I have also placed the flashback scene in their now so I feel that it look too crowded in that one scene. I have also pretty much as well as good structure got perfect timing for the music video and have everything where I want it to be.

I will be thinking about either taking this scene out or trying find a place to edit it in for a short space of time. I will be talking to people on Monday about it, having another small focus group to try and discuss where to place the scene. This would be give an outsider’s perspective, which proved to be very helpful last time.

In retrospective, I feel that I should have thought about the storyboard more deeply and had a more detailed look at the plan to make sure I had space to fit everything in. I will be trying to make a decision on Monday on what to do with the scene. Either remove and not have it in or try and place it in without it feeling forced.


18/05/17 – Editing and experimenting with super 8 film look

After looking over what the focus group gave me as their advice. I have since started to edit my footage again to see what I can change after hearing what they have to say. I have been trying out what advice they gave about the editing, whilst also trying to experiment with the super 8 film look with the footage of Sam. I will be going what I have changed after listening to them. There is a link to my new rough cut below.

New rough cut

I have done a lot of changes to the main structure and pace of the music video. I have taken the general advice from pretty much everyone and shorted the smoking scene down. I have done this by taking some shots of him rolling up the cigarette, but still keeping in the correct timeframe I have replaced that with more of the biking at the start. I feel that this works a lot better as the biking is a lot more enjoyable to watch as a viewer and less able to get bored. I feel that this change works great for the finished product and will keep this in the final part.

I also removed the unpacking of Luc’s sleeping bag shot. Feeling that this wasn’t a great shot and felt unnecessary. So instead I replaced it with another timelapse, this also shows that Luc might have been walking for a long time before sitting down. It is also more impressive than a tripod shot of someone unpacking a bag. I then later added more shots of Luc at the beginning, I feel that this works much better. As it doesn’t just go straight to Sam after the text is received. In reflection I will make sure to get people to actually look over the storyboards and have a focus group more on pre production.

Overall I feel that I have a made a much stronger piece after listening to the advice of other people from the focus group. I feel that the structure and the pace the video goes really well with the music. In reflection I feel that this was the right decision to make a rough cut and have people watch it. As it gave me new fresh ideas to work with.

I feel that I should make the super 8 effect more stronger as you can still tell that it is Hd footage. I feel that maybe adding a pink tint to it will make it so it is more like the Nikes music video that I was inspired by. It will also make much more dream like and have that feeling that he is looking back on the relationship.

I feel that I should look at more of the Luc shots for the bedroom scene, having more of his close up before it goes on to Sam. As I feel that there needs to be a bit longer on Luc’s face as the audience is connecting with him in that moment. I will try and find more clips of his close up and place them in before Sam is introduced. I feel that this will make the film better paced.

I really like the extended bike scene that I placed into the music video, having it go on for longer than previously. I feel that this improves the pacing a lot and makes the film much better for it. It makes it so I can remove some of the smoking shots without the overall time of the film be effected as I am just replacing it with more biking shots.

This makes it so I am the viewer is not drawn out of the film and doesn’t get bored before it ends. The pacing is very important to get right for my film due to it being so long there is a lot of risk that the viewer will get bored and disinterested in the film. So I have to make sure that with focus groups I ask about the pacing if there are scenes that go on for too long.

Super 8 film effect

After experimenting with super 8 effect I feel that it works a lot better with it in. Because of the fact that it creates a much wider contrast between the story and the flashback/dream like footage. It also looks a lot better due to the fact that some of the footage was blurry and this effect hides that better.

The reason I wanted to place this effect in was to show the audience that it is some sort of dream like place, or the footage is fully in reality. This makes it a lot better and makes sense as every time this footage appears its after a close up of Luc thinking. In reflection however I feel I should of tried to get the footage over exposed, so that it is more similar to the footage from the Nikes music video. This would have also helped trying to get the footage to seem dream like.


Harvard referencing:

DoBeDo Productions. (2016). Frank Ocean – ‘Nikes’. [Online Video]. 16 August 2016. Available from: https://vimeo.com/179791907. [Accessed: 18 May 2017].


17/05/17 – Focus group of new rough cut, self evaluation

Self evaluation/reflection

This is the first proper rough cut I have made so far. I haven’t done any colour correction or started with the VHS effects yet. This is pretty much the sort of structure I will wanting to get for the final cut. There is a link to the rough cut below, it ends when the music stops as I haven’t put any of the make up scenes in yet  and just have that footage still in my edit. This link is also the rough cut I showed the focus group to feedback on.

My overall thoughts are that it is a good project but could be improved with a few changes to the editing and the pace. I feel that the smoking scene goes on for too long and that the first biking scene should be extended. As it feels a bit cut off when Luc gets off the bike.

Also feel that there is a few close ups of Luc that I could reshoot due to the focus not being great. If I were to do reshooting I would do more reshoots of the bike, having more close ups of him riding the bike not just pushing it. I feel that I should also add the VHS effect in for sure with Sam, as it will make it look like a flashback or some sort of dream like feel.

Overall I am pretty pleased with the film as for a few edits that I could adjust, and maybe a few reshoots if I have the time left over.

Focus group

After making the rough cut, I then had a focus group over my work. With having them watching it individually, with then giving feedback on my work. Saying what they liked and what they would change with the editing. With also giving advice on what to reshoot if I had the chance. This happened over the course of two lessons.

Conor- fellow student

Conor liked the video overall but felt that I should cut some of the shots down as they were too long in some places. Mainly saying that the smoking scene went for too long. Saying that you could take some of the shots out. Saying there is some shots that seem not necessary. For example having three shots of example rolling the cigarette, as they are pretty much the same. I agree with him here, where he feels the smoking scene went on for too long. As this is what I was going to do first when editing started again.

Feeling that also the last shot of the shave scene should be shortened, where Luc looks into the mirror. However I disagree with him on this one as I feel that it looks that it goes on for that long, as not every shot needs to be cut quickly and try and grab the viewers attention.

For reshooting advice he said that I should probably reshoot some of the close ups with Luc as they are out of focus. This is mainly just the bedroom scene, with also saying that some of the bedroom shots are too dark. I agree with him on this point if I am going to reshoot, I will definitely do this scene to start with.

For more reshooting he mentioned how I could of had the flame come from the lighter, I agree with him again here and its a shame that I didn’t film from the other side of Luc, getting that flame in slow motion. But I will probably not reshoot this scene as it will be probably be the only shot I will be reshooting in the smoking scene.

Mark- Teaching assistant

Overall Mark also really liked the project. Saying that personally he liked the having some of shots out of focus, saying that it has a nice effect. However he also agrees with Conor, saying that the smoking scene should be cut down. As he feels that it is a bit too slow and starts to loose him at that point.

I agree with him here where the smoking part is probably the slowest part. I will get round this by adding more of the cycling at the start whilst also having more insert shots of the cigarette and maybe more shots of Sam instead. This is probably the first place I will start when editing.

Jack- fellow student

Jack was very positive over my work. Having that there wasn’t much to improve. He thought that I have done a great job already, however after thinking over it he came back to say that he thought that maybe have the focus change back on to his mum on the last shot. He also thought that maybe a good way to end would be to have it end with the timelapse fading to black. Making it so we don’t know what happened to him.

Even though I do like this idea, I feel that it doesn’t fit with the story that I am trying to tell. I wasn’t really going for a cliffhanger I was more going for a simple story which I could expand upon with the visuals.

Johnny – fellow student

Johnny, as well as the other people of the focus group, really enjoyed my short film. Saying that even though it’s 6 minutes he didn’t get bored and wanted to know what happened next. This is great to hear as this was one of my main worries about the project due to the songs length. However for improvement he also mentioned, like jack, how I could have changed focus on to his Mum. However I feel that I will have to disagree with that due to the fact that I quite like the out of focus nature of the shot and how it’s more focused on him. Summing the story in the last shot, how its focused on him and everyone else is off his mind.

He also mentioned how I should add a shot of him trying to call his girlfriend, showing a sign of struggle. I feel that this is actually really good advice and that if I was going to film again I will shoot this scene and try and place it in the story somewhere. This makes sense from a narrative perspective as well.

Fay – lecturer

Fay mainly agreed with everyone else saying that the smoking scene should be cut down. As it slows the whole project down a lot and doesn’t add a lot with its long duration. She also agreed with me to have the biking scene longer at the beginning instead of the longer smoking scene. Saying that the biking scene looks great but doesn’t last as nearly as long as it should do. I feel that this is really good criticism and gives me great confidence with adding more of the biking into the film.

Some more advice she had was about the jump cuts in the film, saying that the ones with slow motion work really well, because of the fact that it is slow collating with the music. However the jump cuts with the real time footage don’t work nearly as well. Saying that its too jarring and doesn’t match with the rest of the song. I feel that I agree with this point and will try and find a place to either edit them out or to make the cuts longer and more slow in time with the music. The examples she gave were the sleeping bag shot and the shot where Luc gets the bag. I can fully remove the shot with Luc getting out the sleeping bag, but might have to for the shed shot make the cut longer or add a fade.

Elena – course leader

Eleana really enjoyed my piece. Saying that my actor had a really good performance and was great for this story. She also really likes the idea of having Sam with an super 8 effect over the footage. Saying that it will make it so that the audience is unsure if its a memory or a dream.

Advice mainly came from doing reshoots, saying that it may be good to have Luc have more struggle in some of the scenes. This ties in with Johnny’s point of having him trying to phone her. This advice is really compelling me to do some more shooting with Luc. This would also give me some time for reshooting as well. For more reshooting advice Elena stated that I should have more action of the gears changing on the bike or maybe Luc doing more things with bike rather than just straight forward shots. I sort of agree with this however I will be not just reshooting just for that. In reflection I feel that I should of got more insert shots of the bike rather than just the bike wheel.

Elena also gave some criticism on the editing side of my project. Saying that it should stay on for Luc longer after the text happens. This was great as I knew that there wasn’t something quite right with my bedroom, with the rhythm of the cuts. But I couldn’t put my finger on it.

Fin – fellow student

Fin had a lot to say about my final major project. Saying that he thought it was great for a student short film and could really do well. He wanted to give as much advice as he could because he really enjoyed my project.

He mentioned how the sound fade between the titles music and the shaving sound should be more obvious. I will have a look into this seeing if I could change and play around with the sound. Staying on the subject of sound, he feels that I should have the credits be silent, I disagree with this comment as I feel that the last part of the song would be a good fit for the credits. As it has no singing and just the instrumentals slowing down. Feeling that this would be a good fit with the story. And not having awkward silence at the end of the FMP.

Staying on the subject of the ending, Fin gave the suggestion to a final fade on the last shot to the credits. I really like this idea as it shows the ending of the short film, rather than it just cutting to credits. For bedroom scene he agreed with Conor that it was a bit too dark in some places where Luc had some close ups. Giving me some suggestions on if I was going to reshoot it how to light it properly without having a proper rig. This really helps as this has enabled me to start thinking about ways of reshooting the scene if I was going to do, by giving me a suggestion on how to do it. He also stated that I could just play around with colour correction seeing if I could just add more light to scene in post. He then added to this that I should have lit up the poster rip more, as he didn’t really see what it was. In reflection I feel that I should have done it more towards the light and not have Luc’s shadow over it when filming. I hopefully will be able to turn this up in post production to make it more clear what is going on.

He really liked the posters being placed in the room as well. I thought that this wouldn’t be any good and I was thinking of reshooting and taking down them, but Fin disagreed. Saying its a good way of getting into the character’s mind and what he is interested in visually, without just telling us. With reflection I fully agree with him and feel that it was a good story telling move to keep the posters up around the room.

For the opening credits he thought that I should have placed them up on the bike scene around the 2:06 mark. I understand his point but I feel that this is too far into the video for the credits to be introduced, making it jarring and not work with the film. I maybe will experiment with this point, but I am going to probably going to disregard this point. While talking about the beginning he mentions that some of the sound mixing doesn’t make that much sense, the water running being too loud compared to the rest of the shaving shots. Saying that I should turn this down. After releasing this I will make sure to turn this down, I am very glad that he mentioned the sound as I will probably would have just ignored it.

I then discussed the problem that I had not being able to fit the scene in where he questions his identity. He was also unsure on where to place this shot, saying that its hard because you don’t want it to look forced. But still being a really good idea to get some visual interpretation in there. He couldn’t really help with my problem but gave the suggestion that I should add one frame into edit of it for sure. I feel that this might be a good idea for something to experiment with. I will be thinking over the weekend on how to place this scene into my short film without it looking forced.


Overall I have really glad that I did theses focus groups, getting people’s perspective on the different aspects of my film. It has enabled me to have new ideas to improve my work and also make it stronger. It is also good to have an outsider’s look onto your work, as you might be too attached to the project to see its flaws. Most of these ideas I would never have thought of, so I am really glad that I took the time to individually show people my work in full.

With reflection I feel that I should do this at every point of the creative process. For example getting people to look at my basic concept in more detail and also look at a script giving feedback before I go away and start shooting. Meaning that I have a strong idea from the get go. I will continue to have focus groups for my reshoots (if I do any) colour correction and any more changes in editing.


13/05/17 – Trying edit time lapse, filming more footage

Trying to edit
Today I tried to edit down the footage from yesterday to make into a time-lapse, seeing if it would work. However due to the fact that my laptop isn’t as good as the macs at college this was quite hard to do. I still managed to export the file having the footage sped up but couldn’t really edit the footage how i wanted it.

I have had a look at the exported footage and some of it looks good. My favourite would be the dark one due to the fact that it looks like day going into night. However I feel like all of them may need speeding up as it lasts for a bit too long and cant really get the full effect of time going past quickly. On Monday when I get back to college I am going to experiment with the time-lapse.

More filming
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I spent the rest of today filming in the same location as last. Where the rain poured down.  Because one it’s much more sunny and two I want to make sure that I get as much footage as possible so I don’t have to reshoot the time-lapse. Getting it over and done with because its so time consuming. I will be looking at this footage tomorrow, but I feel its going to one of the best as it wasn’t raining and I didn’t have to cut it short.

All together I did three takes of the time-lapse from different angles. One of which being the sun setting just over the trees. This was another attempt at the light fading away time-lapse I did previously. This is just to make sure I have footage incase the first doesn’t look as good or last as long. Doesn’t quite fit with the music.

Plan of action on what to do next

On Sunday I am going to spend the day editing the fmp, making a rough cut with the footage so far. So then I can just place in the other footage of Sara and the time-lapse. I will also be getting up at around 5am to film the sun rising. I will probably only get one shot at this on Sunday. So I will have to make it count.

On Monday i will be location scouting around college and also making a quick storyboard for the shots I need. So i get fully prepared for filming with sara on tuesday and monday. I will then also make sure to have a proper look at the time-lapse seeing it looks good and makes sense with the song and story.


10/05/17 – Texting after effects, Finding the actress

After effects

Today I have spent mostly trying to get my head around after effects to have the text conversation, where the girlfriend breaks up with Luc. Trying to make the texting more simplistic and not having a text bubble around the text. This is because of two reasons, one of which is trying to get the texting to seem similar to Sherlock. The other is that I don’t it to be too cheesy or cliche, by having blue and white bubbles. As a lot of films and TV shows have already done this.

Image result for sherlock texting effect

I feel that the effect has worked quite well, making the film start to really come to together. I feel that my effect has worked well, with the messaging moving up all together as one. You can also tell that the other person is typing with the “…” I thought that this was a good effect making the audience pay attention to the texting side, rather than look at Luc. I also then had a typing effect of the word “what,” so that the letters come up with Luc’s key presses. I thought this worked really well and had great timing with it not being too fast or too slow.


The one thing I feel that I may need to improve one, is that of making it obvious at first that it is texting. This may work when I am add the sound however I feel that I may need think of a way to make sure that the audience knows straight away that it is texting. I also included the word “change,” into the texting dialogue as well, as Elena pointed out yesterday. I will now try and make a complete rough cut of the footage so far without any colour correction so I can just get a basic flow of the short film.

Found a new actress

Today I also casted my new actress, I talk about why I chose this person in this blog post:


I feel that this good that I did this today as I will be prepared when I start filming the short scene next week. It will also allow me to have enough time to edit the new footage and make sure that I don’t need to do any reshoots for this scene. And if I do I am leaving myself enough time to reshoot and re edit the footage.

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Harvard referencing:

Every frame a painting. (2014). A Brief Look at Texting and the Internet in Film. [Online Video]. 15 August 2014. Available from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uFfq2zblGXw. [Accessed: 1 May 2017].



Video effects techniques I will be using

In the this blog I will be talking about all of the videos I will be looking at to help to make the different editing techniques in post production. I will talking about each why I have chosen and where I might want to place the effect. With also saying what videos are and better than others.

The first video I will be talking about is the VHS effect that I will be using. This video shows how to make a realistic VHS effect from HD footage. This video is very informative and has alot of detailed steps, while still being easy to follow. I have since experimented with this technique by using a random clip online, making sure that the video is good and accurate. I can confirm that it is, and is an effect I can make very easily. I will be using this effect for the flashback girlfriend scene of the video, where Luc looks back on the relationship. I will be trying to copy the VHS shots from the nikes music video, by Frank Ocean.


This is a cool video that I fell upon in the recommended tab. This video talks about a few cool music video effects which are easy to make. I have had a look at a few and I feel that I may be able to place I few of these into my music video. Namely the film reel over the footage effect. I feel that this would be cool to add to the “I see both sides like Chanel,” scene where Luc holds up the cards. As it displays that it is going on in his head.

This is a video I will be looking at later down line with editing, to make sure that I can’t add anything else. This video is also by the same creator as the last one. With still being informative and very helpful.

The next video is for to make the text effect in after effects. I will be using this effect for the break up scene in my short film, having it to the side of Luc. This video is helpful however he is quite annoying and skips over a few of the things that help someone who is unsimilar to after effects.

I will still be looking at this one but I will make sure to not include the speech bubble around text as I feel it is too cliche and too obvious to use, much preferring to use normal text as seen in Sherlock. So far I feel that video is the weakest and probably the most likely one I will be ignoring when editing the effects over the clips.

Image result for sherlock texting effect

This is similar to the VHS effect, due to the fact that it has a 4:3 ratio. However this is a more of a old film reel like, trying to copy the 8mm style. I was hoping to use this for Luc’s scene where he questions his identity. I feel that this would be good as the exposure difference with the effect would good well with the pink hoodie that look is wearing in the scene.

The difference between the 8mm film look and the VHS is that it more over exposed compared to the VHS which is more turned down. I might also use this effect for the flashback girlfriend scene as well. This video is also great with showing the tips in a quick but a easy way to follow. The 8mm film look effect will also skip some of the frames as well, giving it that more jumpy feel which I was aiming to get for the scene.


This is another video that I found in my recommended feed. This video is a breakdown of a music video and how to recreate some of the effects in post production. I really like this video as I really like the song and the music video that goes with it. So this was interesting to see some of the techniques they might of used.

This video goes in depth with the effects that the music video uses, explaining how to do most of them with also what camera equipment to use. I might try find a to include some of these effects in my video. Due to the fact that I feel they are really creative. I will be looking at this video more closely when everything else has been ticked off the list for the editing effects I definitely want to include.

This is the a video describing how to use the drawing pen tool in after effects. This is a very well made video showing how to use after effects to someone who is new to the program. Whilst also showing some context on how you could use it. He also shows some footage that he has made, showing you how it has turned out.

This video will help me make an outline around Luc when he is smoking towards the end of the short film. I will be using the effect pretty much the same way this person is the using the effect in the video. This is why I feel the video is good because it will help me directly with my problem.

This is the last video I will be talking about in this blog post. In this video, someone describes what’s the best way to set up the camera whilst also showing three ways of editing in post the video to make the time lapse. The way I am most likely going to do it is by filming a whole of bunch of film and then speeding it up in post. This is because I feel that it will be the easiest way and also take less space up on my camera. I may even edit the footage in post so that it just has one frame for every second, however this may take alot longer so I am going to see if I have enough time.

I will be using the timelapse for when Luc goes to sleep to show the passing of time, I will do from two angles. One of the Sun setting and the other of the Sun rising. This will display to the audience through a visual way that time has passed. I want to do this because film is a visual media and that is the main of my project.

Harvard referencing:

DoBeDo Productions. (2016). Frank Ocean – ‘Nikes’. [Online Video]. 31 October 2016. Available from: https://vimeo.com/179791907. [Accessed: 31 April 2017].

Every frame a painting. (2014). A Brief Look at Texting and the Internet in Film. [Online Video]. 15 August 2014. Available from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uFfq2zblGXw. [Accessed: 1 May 2017].

Justin Odisho. (2017). How to create a VHS VCR Camcorder Video Look in Adobe Premiere Pro CC 2017 Tutorial. [Online Video]. 5 January 2017. Available from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ilf20yDly2c&t=1s. [Accessed: 22 May 2017].

Justin Odisho. (2017). How to create a SUPER 8 Film Camera Look in Adobe Premiere Pro (CC 2017 Tutorial). [Online Video]. 28 April 2017. Available from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jrmmJK9QwPo&t=327s. [Accessed: 22 May 2017].

Justin Odisho. (2017). 5 Sick Music Video Editing Effects (Scribble / Flicker How to) (Adobe Premiere Pro CC 2017 Tutorial). [Online Video]. 14 February 2017. Available from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FHQMMLqsLro&t=8s. [Accessed: 22 May 2017].

Justin Odisho. (2017). Travis Scott – goosebumps (ft. Kendrick Lamar) Music Video Editing Breakdown EP. 7 | Dir by @_brthr_. [Online Video]. 8 April 2017. Available from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JoT61uMd6I0&t=1s. [Accessed: 22 May 2017].

Learn How To Edit Stuff. (2017). iPhone Text Effect + After Effects Project File!. [Online Video]. 27 March 2017. Available from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XmxVxobekHo. [Accessed: 22 May 2017].

Olufemii Tutorials. (2017). Music Video Scribble Effect in After Effects! (Bruno Mars – “That’s What I Like” Effect). [Online Video]. 16 April 2017. Available from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RRdfFwfqUU0&t=308s. [Accessed: 22 May 2017].

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